Gyromagnetic remanence acquired by greigite (Fe3S4) during static three-axis alternating field demagnetization
Geophysical Journal International 134(3): 831-842
A magnetic study was carried out on lacustrine sediments from the Zoige basin, Tibetan Plateau, in order to obtain a better understanding of palaeoclimatic changes there. Gyromagnetic remanence (GRM) acquisition is unexpectedly observed during static three-axis alternating field (AF) demagnetization in about 20 per cent of a large number of samples. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis on a magnetic extract clearly shows that greigite is the dominant magnetic mineral carrier. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) reveals that the greigite particles are in the grain size range of 200-300 nm, possibly in the single-domain state. Greigite clumps of about 3 mu m size are sealed by silicates. Fitting of XRD peaks yields a crystalline coherence length of about 15 nm, indicating that the particles seen in the SEM are polycrystalline.|GRM intensities of most samples are of the same order as the NRM, while others show much stronger GRM although their magnetic properties are similar. Variation of the demagnetization sequence confirms that GRM is mainly produced perpendicular to the AF direction. The anisotropy direction can be derived from GRM, but more systematic studies are needed for detailed conclusions. An attempt to correct for GRM failed due to high GRM intensities and because smaller GRM acquisition was also found along the demagnetization axis. Behaviours of acquisition and AF demagnetization of GRM are comparable with those of NRM, ARM, IRM, indicating fine grain sizes of remanence carriers.