GaAs(001) surface under conditions of low As pressure: Evidence for a novel surface geometry
Physical Review Letters 85(18): 3890-3893
Using density-functional theory we identify a new low-energy structure for GaAs(001) in an As-poor environment. The discovered geometry is qualitatively different from the usual surface-dimer based reconstructions of III-V semiconductor (001) surfaces. The stability of the new structure, which has a c(8 x 2) periodicity, is explained in terms of bond saturation and favorable electrostatic interactions between surface atoms. Simulated scanning tunneling microscopy images are in good agreement with experimental data, and a low-energy electron diffraction analysis supports the theoretical prediction.